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Towards a global knowledge commons


From Open Access to Open Science: Supporting the Transition to Managing Research Data

COAR hosted a members-only webinar on 5 December on role of open repositories in research data management (RDM). RDM is a large component of open science, and the role of repositories is crucial in supporting RDM. Many repository services that began by collecting articles are interested in expanding their operations to include research data but it is difficult to know where to start.

Several COAR members shared their stories about how they began their research data management services. Our speakers Robin Rice from University of Edinburgh, Sven Vlaeminck from ZBW Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, Barbara Hirschmann from ETH Zurich, Lluis Anglada & Mireia Alcalá Ponce de León from Consorci de Serveis Universitaris de Catalunya (CSUC), Rebeca Marin Del Campo & Marisa Pérez Aliende from Madrono Consorcio and Jose Antonio Galeano Cardenas, Del Rosario University greatly contributed to this discussion.

While every organization and jurisdictional context is different, there are many shared challenges with adopting research data management services. Given the complexity and expertise related to RDM, some organizations can find it overwhelming. But, organizations just have to start somewhere, and then build and expand expertise and services incrementally over time.

The research data management lifecycle can work as a good metaphor for designing services: “before research begins”, “while work is in progress”, “at the end of research”. Absolutely critical is that RDM service help researchers. If services are built on and respond to existing needs and requirements of the research community, they can greatly help increase the reputation and visibility of the library as a partner in research.

Key issues for organizations are:

  • How to balance the need to develop trusted services based on best practices vs. the resources required to adhere to stringent standards. Are there some feasible FAIR data practices and certification processes?
  • Identifying the main interoperability requirements for linking data and other types of content and integrating different data sets. Geographic location is one element that works for many datasets, but more recommendations are needed.
  • Defining the collection policy for the repository. Will the repository collect any type of research data produced by affiliated researchers, focus on a specific domain specific, address long tail RDM needs only?
  • Should different platforms be adopted for RDM? While existing IR platforms have extended their functionality to include research data, there have limitations. As services mature, the organization may need to consider systems that specialize in RDM.
  • Preservation services for RDM are still in their infancy. The resource required for long term preservation often are beyond the existing service

We thank the presenters for sharing their experience with the COAR community and COAR will try to help address some of the challenges identified above through its RDM working group.

 

Webinar recording and the slides of the presentations are now available:

COAR in Africa

COAR, with other partners including WACREN (West and Central African Research and Education Network) and EIFL, is coordinating a repository workshop in Zanzibar, Tanzania on November 19-20, 2018.

This is the first in a series of meetings to develop a more cohesive strategy for strengthening and building more comprehensive repository networks in Africa. The two-day workshop, which will take place in conjunction with the UbuntuNet Conference, will convene library and NREN (National Research and Education Network) stakeholders from African countries to explore how library-based repositories can better engage with NREN services in order to break down institutional silos, add value to repositories, and support the growth of open science in the region.

The meeting will discuss the current state of open access and repositories in Africa through a presentation of the results of a LIBSENSE survey of higher education sector librarians. It will address issues of interoperability, technical development of repositories, and next generation repository services. Additionally, the benefits and roles of network services will be examined and participants will work together to develop a roadmap and identify priority activities for next steps.

These activities are part of a broader effort by COAR to help build capacity and align repository networks around the world. Work that is funded through the OpenAIRE Advance project. It contributes to our vision of building an inclusive and sustainable global knowledge commons, in which all regions and researchers can participate.

The program and registration form is available on the conference web page.

News from Latin America

We would like to give you an update about meetings that COAR Executive Director, Kathleen Shearer attended two weeks ago in Santiago, Chile.

The meetings were organized by LA Referencia and the Licensing Consortia from Latin America and the Caribbean.

The meetings offered an opportunity to share information about the financial and licensing issues related to the big deals, and also the challenges for these countries that would arise with a potential flip to APCs. In Latin America, where they already have significant government investments in their local journal infrastructure (especially through the SciELO and Redalyc platforms), they are firm in their support for repositories as the preferred road for open access to articles published in the large commercial journals.

It was highlighted that access to underlying research data has become increasingly important in the Latin American context, and some countries already have laws requiring that research data be made available. To
increase capacity for RDM in Latin America, LA Referencia and CERN signed an MOU to facilitate the use of the Zenodo repository for Latin American researchers and institutions. The agreement is the result of joint work that LA Referencia has been undertaking with COAR (Confederation of Open Access Repositories) and OpenAIRE, the European Open Science Platform, to internationalise research infrastructures and ensure alignment across regions.

We agreed on several areas in which COAR and La Referencia could collaborate more closely:

  • Promoting the role of repositories and the next generation repository vision in Latin America
  • Working together on increasing expertise and building capacity for repositories
  • Improving communications between our two organizations

And last but not least, we would like to congratulate COAR Executive Board member, Bianca Amaro (IBICT, Brazil) who was elected President of LA Referencia for the next two years. We look forward to continuing to work closely with Bianca, Alberto Cabezas and all the other members and staff of LA Referencia.

Save the date! COAR Annual Meeting 2019

COAR Annual Meeting

May 21-23, 2019          Lyon, France

The Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR) and the Center for Direct Scientific Communication (CCSD) are pleased to announce that the next COAR Annual Meeting will take place in Lyon, France.

For more information, go to the Annual Meeting webpage (coming soon).

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Investigating peer review overlay services

Today, a new journal in mathematics was launched by Timothy Gowers and Dan Kral. The journal, called ‘Advances in Combinatorics’, is an overlay journal, built entirely on articles contained in the arXiv repository. It is free to read and will not charge authors to publish. The relatively low costs of running the journal are being covered by Queen’s University Library in Ontario, Canada, which is also providing administrative support.

COAR and Queen’s University Library were very keen to participate in the launch of this journal as it offers a model of overlay services on top of repositories, a model that could eventually be generalized beyond arXiv. “This aligns really well with our vision for next generation repositories”, says Kathleen Shearer, executive director of the Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR), “on top of which we can build services such as peer review”.

According to the journal’s founder, Timothy Gowers, research professor at the University of Cambridge, ‘Advances in Combinatorics’ was created in order to “give people the option… to submit to a journal that is not complicit in a system that uses its monopoly power to ruthlessly squeeze library budgets”.

The extreme profit seeking of some of the commercial publishers (it has been reported that Elsevier made profits of approximately $1.2 billion US dollars in 2017) is stretching library budgets to the limit. In addition, it has created significant barriers in access to research and -with the advent of article processing charges (APCs)- it is exacerbating inequalities in researchers’ ability to publish.

Martha Whitehead, vice-provost (digital planning) and university librarian at Queen’s University says, “As libraries, we need to nurture and invest in new models that will contribute to a more sustainable and inclusive system for research communications. We are delighted to be able to support this innovative approach to journal publishing.”

The journal plans to set a high bar for acceptance. Currently there are no non-commercial publishing venues that cater for combinatorics articles at the level envisaged. The aim is to offer an ethical alternative by launching a journal that publishes high quality papers, but does not charge publishing fees or for subscriptions.

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