In line with the Jussieu Call for Open Science and Bibliodiversity, the scientific community should endeavour to build an ecosystem of open, ethical and transparent scientific publishing, involving a plurality of editorial stakeholders, formats and languages. A particularly important issue is that of diversifying the economic models for open scientific publishing. Indeed, the risks associated with the publication fee model (involving the payment of article or book processing charges), such as the budgetary burden, growing inequalities between institutions and disciplines and the race to produce quantity, are being ever better understood.
China now moves from a strong focus on Web of Science-based indicators towards a more balanced combination of qualitative and quantitative research evaluation, with one third of all publications to be oriented towards domestic journals. The new policy aims to restore “the scientific spirit, innovation quality, and societal contribution” of research and to “promote the return of universities to their original academic aims”.
The vision of Montenegro is that research activity is based on Open Science principles, which implies that it must be at the service of society as a whole and that public funds aimed at funding research activity need to be spent in an efficient and transparent manner. In the first phase of establishing this aspect of Open Science, the focus will be placed on building an infrastructure for storing scientific publications, i.e., creating a national repository as a single point of access to overall national research results, along with appropriate rules for its use that will apply to all stakeholders taking part in the research process.
There is growing international consensus that the assessment of scientific production through the publishing impact factor has generated multiple distortions, such as the quantification of academic career evaluation, the hyper centrality of English and the commodification of the scientific publishing system. The actions of the Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales (CLACSO) (Latin American Council for Social Sciences) are substantiated in the right to knowledge, are guided by a social commitment and solidarity ethics and are strengthened through open science with the aim of giving visibility to diverse knowledge matrixes and to promote
their dialogue in Latin America and the Caribbean, and with the rest of the world.