While openness is a key aspect of open science / open scholarship, we must consider several other underlying principles:
Diversity and inclusion – Open science should accommodate a diversity of workflows, languages, research outputs, and research topics that support the needs and epistemic pluralism of different research communities, countries and regions
Public good – Research and scholarship are generated for the public good, and therefore should be available to everyone with as few barriers as possible
Intelligent access – Research outputs should be as open as possible, with immediate and machine-readable access to content, metadata and usage statistics, while also respecting privacy of personal and sensitive information
Standards and interoperability – Open science services and infrastructure should use of open standards and APIs to ensure international interoperability across domains and regions
Sustainability / price control – Open science services and infrastructures should be considered essential research infrastructure and adopt not-for-profit funding models
Quality – Open science should support high quality research by making research outputs widely available for rigorous review and scrutiny
Good governance – Open science services and platforms should be governed by the community they serve.
In 2018, COAR and SPARC published some good practice principles for scholarly communications service and infrastructure providers, which may also be of interest in the context of this consultation.